Synonyms  


A great addition to EMERSE is our large collection of manually curated terms and phrases that we call Synonyms. This dataset was created for term expansion, to help users find related concepts that they might otherwise miss. The Synonyms collection is a work in progress — new terms are added all the time. It currently contains over 530,000 unique entries. The synonyms collection contains a wide variety of terms related to diseases, medications (prescription, over-the-counter, herbal, etc), symptoms, infectious agents, test names, anatomical names, misspellings, and other variants. A subset of the categories, with examples, are shown below.



CategoryExamples
Acronyms• ALL, acute lymphoblastic leukemia
• ESRD, end stage renal disease
• CXR, chest x-ray
 
Abbreviations• chemotherapy, chemo
• ventilator, vent
• shoulder pain, shld pain
 
Professional and consumer terms• myocardial infarction, heart attack
• alopecia, hair loss
• emesis, puking
 
Misspellings• ventilator, ventilater ventalator
• pneumoina, pneuomnia, pneuomonia
• diarriea, diahhrea, diarhea
 
Trade and generic drug names• Tylenol, acetaminophen
• Prilosec, omeprazole
• Zoloft, sertraline
 
Chemotherapy regimens• CHOP, cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin, oncovin, prednisone
• CFAR, cytoxan, fludarabine, alemtuzumab, rituximab
• FOLFOX, folinic acid, fluorouracil, oxaliplatin
 
Word stems• pain, painful, painfully
• sleep, sleeping, sleepy
• test, tested, testing
 
True synonyms• frigid, cold, freezing
• break, shatter, fracture
• sandal, shoe, footwear
 
Phrasing variations • lidocaine with epinephrine
• lido w/ epi
• epi-lidocaine
 

 


Figure. Example of Synonyms displayed for an EMERSE user who was initially searching for the phrase "back pain"

 

Some terms are included that clinicians may not even consider to be real terms. For example, menorrhagia is considered a synonym of hypermenorrhea. These two terms are are also grouped with hypermenorrhagia, the latter of which is not a true medical term but nevertheless appears in the clinical notes of more than 500 of our patients.

Within EMERSE, Synonyms are used as system-provided suggestions, but users can always include their own terms in their searches. Additionally, it is possible for EMERSE system administrators to include additional terms that would then be available to all users of the system, perhaps needed for unique local terminologies. The Synonyms were created specifically to help with string matching in EMERSE, but the dataset could have utility for other natural language processing (NLP) tasks.

The Synonyms collection is available through licensing from our tech transfer office.

View License

 


 

nausea and vomiting
nausea or vomiting
nausea/vomiting
emesis
emeses
vomiter
vomiters
vomitive
vomitory
vomiting
vomited
vomits
vomit
vomitus
retching
retched
retches
retch
nauseousness
nauseous
nauseating
nauseates
nauseated
nauseate
nausea
queasiness
queasy
hurling
hurled
hurls
hurl
hurler
barfing
barfed
barfs
barf
barfer
tossing cookies
blowing chunks
throwing chunks
throwing up
throws up
threw up
throw up
threw it all up
threw it up
throws it all up
throws it up
throw it all up
throw it up
throwing it all up
throwing it up
puking
puked
pukes
puke
puker
up-chucking
up-chucked
up-chucks
up-chuck
upchucking
upchucked
upchucks
upchuck
purging
purged
purges
purge
purger
ralphs
ralph
chundering
chundered
chunders
chunder
regurgitating
regurgitated
regurgitates
regurgitate
N and V
N & V
N&V
N/V
NV
dry heaving
dry heaved
dry heaves
dry heave
heaving
heaved
heaves
heave
reverse peristalsis
emisis [spelling alternative]
emsis [spelling alternative]
queaziness [spelling alternative]
nause and vomitting [spelling alternative]

 

95% of the terms above appear in the medical record at least once

rhinorrhoea
rhinorrhea
runny nose
stuffiness
stuffy nose
stuffy
stuffed up nose
stuffed up
plugged up
coryza
rhinitis
sniffles
sniffle
nasal congestion
nose congested
congestion
congested nose
congested
nasal drainage
snotty nose
mucous drainage
nasal dripping
nasal drips
nasal drip
nasal stuffiness
nasal stuffy
rhinoherra [spelling alternative]
rhinnorhea [spelling alternative]
rhonorrhea [spelling alternative]
rhinorhea [spelling alternative]
rhinorrea [spelling alternative]
rhinorreha [spelling alternative]
rhinnitis [spelling alternative]
rhinits [spelling alternative]

 

97% of the terms above appear in the medical record at least once

scaphotrapezotrapezoidal
scaphotrapezotrapezoid
scaphotrapeziumtrapezoid
scaphotrapezium-trapezoidal
scaphotrapezium-trapezoid
scaphotrapeziotrapezoidal
scaphotrapeziotrapezoid
scaphotrapeziotrapezial
scaphotrapezialtrapezoidal
scaphoid-trapezoid-trapezium
scaphoid-trapezoid-trapezial
scaphoid-trapezium-trapezoidal
scaphoid-trapezium-trapezoid
scaphoid-trapezium-trapezium
scaphoid-trapeziotrapezoidal
scaphoid-trapezio-trapezoidal
scaphoid-trapezio-trapezoid
scaphoid-trapezial-trapezoidal
scaphoid-trapezial-trapezoid
scapho-trapezoidal-trapezial
scapho-trapezoid-trapezium
scapho-trapezo-trapezoid
scapho-trapezium-trapezoidal
scapho-trapezium-trapezoid
scapho-trapeziotrapezoidal
scapho-trapezio-trapezoidal
scapho-trapezio-trapezoid
scapho-trapezial-trapezoidal
scapho-trapezial-trapezoid

 

100% of the terms above appear in the medical record at least once

itching her skin
itching his skin
itching the skin
itching skin
itchy skin
skin was itchy
skin is itchy
itch (pruritus)
pruritus (itch)
pruritis
pruritic
skin itchiness
skin itching
skin itches
skin itchy
skin itch
itchier
itchiest
itchiness
itching
itched
itches
itchy
itch
prurities [spelling alternative]
pruritius [spelling alternative]
pruitis [spelling alternative]
pruitus [spelling alternative]
pruiritic [spelling alternative]
pruiritis [spelling alternative]
puristis [spelling alternative]
pruritus [spelling alternative]
prutitis [spelling alternative]
puritic [spelling alternative]
puritis [spelling alternative]
pruritid [spelling alternative]
itcvhing [spelling alternative]
itchingh [spelling alternative]
puritus [spelling alternative]
pruritics [spelling alternative]

 

98% of the terms above appear in the medical record at least once

urinary osmolarities
urinary osmolarity
ur osmolarities
urine osmolarity
ur osmolarity
urinary osmolalities
urinary osmolality
urine osmolalities
urine osmolality
ur osmolality
urinary osmoles
urinary osmole
urinary osmols
urinary osmol
urine osmoles
urine osmole
urine osmols
urinary osms
urinary osm
ur osmols
ur osmol
urine osmol
urine osms
urine osm
UrOsms
UrOsm
UrOsmol
ur osms
ur osm
uOsms
uOsm

 

90% of the terms above appear in the medical record at least once

 

 


Additional Data Sets

In addition to the EMERSE Synonyms Collection, other datasets have been formatted to work within EMERSE. These are described below and are available for download at no cost.

VA Formulary National Drug File

A list of drugs with trade and generic names, as well as drug classes

 

Source: US Department of Veterans Affairs, January 2016 NDF data file (link)
Total data rows: 74,844
Unique data rows: 18,990
Last updated: 2016-12-03

 

 

Download

Gene Names

A list of human genes, as well as known relationships between genes and diseases

 

Source: Ensembl Project, Human genes (GRCh38.p12) dataset (link)
Total data rows: 224,450
Unique data rows: 177,239
Last updated: 2018-07-02

 

 

Download

Journal Titles and Abbreviations

A list of journal titles and their MedLine abbreviations. This can be useful for searching documents for mentions of literature citations.

 

Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) (link)
Total data rows: 61,002
Unique data rows: 60,748
Last updated: 2018-05-01

 

 

Download

Roget's Thesaurus

Synonyms from the 1911 edition of the Roget's Thesaurus. Many of the terms now seem outdated, but it still may be useful in some cases.

 

Source: Project Gutenberg (link)
Total data rows: 145,000
Unique data rows: 55,020
Last updated: 2018-05-01

 

 

Download

MeSH Terms

MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) terms are a controlled vocabulary used for organizing biomedical literature such as PubMed and other database.

 

Source: National Library of Medicine (NLM), MeSH 2018 dataset (link)
Total data rows: 1,445,217
Unique data rows: 803,637
Last updated: 2018-05-01

 

 

Download

Occupations (Dataset 1)

A list of occupations, which may be useful if trying to find occupation data for patients. Searching for synonyms of 'occupation' will bring up the list within EMERSE.

 

Source: Careerplanner.com (link)
Total data rows: 27,954
Unique data rows: 14,707
Last updated: 2018-07-12

 

 

Download

Occupations (Dataset 2)

A list of occupations, which may be useful if trying to find occupation data for patients. Searching for synonyms of 'occupation' will bring up the list within EMERSE.

 

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2017 dataset (link)
Total data rows: 7,226
Unique data rows: 1,990
Last updated: 2018-07-12

 

 

Download

DrugBank (Canada)

Drug names and synonyms, including international names.

 

Source: DrugBank (link)
Total data rows: 22,093
Unique data rows: 21,850
Last updated: 2018-07-25

 

 

Download

Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO)

Terms and synonyms relate to human phenotype abnormalities.

 

Source: HPO release 2018-07-25 (link)
Total data rows: 48,196
Unique data rows: 29,529
Last updated: 2018-07-30

 

 

Download

EMERSE Synonyms Collection

The Synonym Collection described on this page, created specifically for use within EMERSE.

 

Source: EMERSE project (link)
Total data rows: 569,147
Unique data rows: 445,368
Last updated: 2018-06-28

 

 

License